Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Rabbit Diseases


Hop Back to Bucky's

The following information is meant to provide the pet owner with some basic understanding of diseases and treatments and is in no way a substitute for qualified medical care. I'm NOT a vet so please do not e-mail me with questions.


It is very important to check your rabbit daily for ANY signs of sickness. Common signs include going off feed and or water, diarrhea or loose stools, discharge from nose or eyes, listlessness, decrease in fecal droppings or imbedded hair, any abnormal behavior in your rabbit. A rabbit can become sick very quickly and if treatment isn't provided immediately they could die. Find a qualified veterinarian BEFORE there is a problem! Veterinarians promoted by "rescue" groups tend to follow their agenda, which could mean you get inaccurate diet information, they may push expensive treatments and tests. So just because a "rescue" groups lists a vet as recommended it doesn't mean they are your best choice. Be sure to ask a perspective vet questions about their experience in treating rabbits and get references, you may want to contact local rabbit breeders for their recommendations, and check under "exotics" in the phone book too. Listed below are some common diseases and treatments, please use this as a guide for spotting trouble but get help immediately, from a qualified vet, if the problem is beyond your ability to treat. Rabbits in the US do not need any vaccinations.

Alphabetical List of Diseases

A

Abscesses *
Allergies Allerpet Allergy Information Page Rabbits

Antibiotics

B

Bladder Stones*
Broken Bones*
Buck Teeth*

C

Calcivirus
Coccidiosis*
common medical supplies for rabbits- Island Gems Rabbitry

Conjunctivitis*

D

Death Pet Cremation Urns and Grave Markers

Debris in Eyes*
Diarrhea*
Disease, General Information Articles & web sites:
Diseases and Treatments from Island Gems rabbitry
Diseases of Laboratory Rabbits Prepared by Trenton R. Schoeb- Netvet site
Pathology of Rabbits. Lists several diseases. AFIP.
House Rabbit Essentials for the Small Animal Practioner- UK Rabbit Charity
MNAALAS Animals in Science Page-Basic care links and good disease section

Dislocated hip and FHO surgery-Mindspring.com

Drug Dosage Calculator For Bunnies- Mindspring.com

E

Elderly or Disabled Rabbit Care & Issues*
Encephalitozoonosis (E.cuniculi, Encphalitozoon cuniculi)*
Enteric Diseases*
Entereotoxemia*

F

Fleas*
Fly Problems*
Fur Block*

G

Gastric Intestinal Stasis (GI Statsis)*
Many now believe that rabbits really donít get furballs, rather their GI system shuts down for an as yet undetermined reason and that is what causes a host of problems. Signs are simple, your rabbit stops eating, you may notice smaller or fewer poops as well as eating less. As with a suspected fur ball best treatment seems to be hydration and hay to get the system moving again. When I have a rabbit stop eating the first thing I do is give them a big handful of hay and some oats to stimulate eating. Anytime a rabbit stops eating it can turn into a serious problem. If the rabbit is not eating within 24-72 hours I then try force feeding a 50:50 mixture of fresh pineapple juice and banana baby food (at least 1 Tbls daily for a ND), that usually gets them eating.

H

Hairball*
Rabbit Health Check- Island Gems Rabbitry

Heat prostration*
Holistic Health (Homeopathy)*
Hutch Burn*

K

L

M

Malocclusion*
Medicating your rabbit-Island Gems Rabbitry

Metritis
Miscellaneous*
Mites, Ear or Fur*
Molds & Mycotoxins-What every farmer and vet should know- Cornell

Mucoid Enteropathy*

N

NetVet Rabbit Page

O

P

Paralyzed Hindquarters see E cuniculi
Parasites, Internal
Internal Parasites of Rabbits-Netvet site

Pasteurella/Pasteurellosis*
Pinworms*
Poisoning*

R

Rabbit Syphilis*
RCD*
Red Urine*

S

Snuffles*
Sore Hocks*
Splay Leg*

T

Toxoplasma*
Trichobezoars*
Tyzzer's Disease *

U

Urine burn or scald*
Uterine Cancer*

V

Vent Disease*
VHD (Viral Hemorrhagic Disease)*

W

Warbles *
Weepy Eye*
Wool Block *
Wry Neck *

Abscesses: One cause of abscesses is a wound. A wound needs to heal from the inside out otherwise abscesses form which usually are lumps filled with pus. They must be lanced and treated to allow for proper healing.

Toxoplasma: Rare disease and usually seen as Central nervous system disorder, signs include paralysis or convulsions, also possible for nasal or eye discharge with lethargy. Death occurs within a few days to a week, treatment rarely successful but can try sulfas and tetracyclines. 1

Bladder Stones:

Bladder Disease and Bladderstones in Rabbits

Encephalitozoonosis (E.cuniculi, Encphalitozoon cuniculi):
A microsporidan protozoan parasite also called Nosema. "The most common clinical sign is depression secondary to encephalitis with stupor or rear leg lameness being the presenting complaint." 1 Transmitted via urine. ELISA serologic test used to test for exposure. Affects the kidney and then the brain, also can affect lungs, heart, and liver. 2

E. Cuniculi-Letter to Editor Dwarf Digest publication of American Netherland Dwarf Rabbit Club

I wanted to add some additional information I have found about this disease, at this point I have not encountered it nor have I had any rabbits come down with wry neck (knock on wood). Wendy Feaga DVM, has published articles about wry neck and a possible connection to E. cuniculi (JAVMA Vol 210 No. 4 2/15/97 Letters to Editor). She had 20 rabbit brains tested, 10 were control rabbits and 10 were rabbits with wry neck. Of the 10 with wry neck 9 had encephalitis, in 7 of 9 lesions consistent with encephalitoozoon were found. Based on Dr Feaga's findings a number of wry neck cases may actually be the result of brain inflammation due to the immune response against E. cuniculi. She has reported success with treating wry neck with prednisolone at 11 mg/kg of body weight. She reports that not all rabbits respond to this treatment and it is common that some head tilt will remain. Some breeders have also tried other steroids and have seen rapid improvement within days. It may be beneficial for breeders to have the rabbit tested for exposure to E. cuniculi and if positive try the steroid treatment first.

I also found some newer articles and mailing list posts about treatment for E. cuniculi that may be of interest to all of us. "The encouraging finding is that we have also had rabbits with clinical signs and positive E. cuniculi titers who have shown improvement in their clinical signs when treated with albendazole." 4 For rabbits who titer positive for E. cuniculi and suffer from progressive paralysis: "Treatment: Do better on tetracycline (arrests or slows progression, may improve a little). In drinking water: 500 mg/liter." 5 A pet owner on a mailing list reported using Oxibendazole and posted "In the past, there wasn't a lot of point in running titers b/c you couldn't do anything about the parasite anyway. Now, we can, so to me it's worth it. Truthfully, I think that from now on I will probably titer all rabbits entering my home. Oxibendazole (Anthelcide EQ-Pfizer) is inexpensive and easy to get over the counter, so I will probably treat ALL rabbits who titer for it regardless of whether they exhibit symptoms." 1

Now comes the tricky part about E.cuniculi and something we as breeders need to watch, more vets are suggesting their rabbit clients test for exposure to E. cuniculi since it may affect the rabbit later in life. How to treat a positive rabbit not exhibiting signs is at this point controversial. The question all rabbit fanciers and the veterinary community need to answer is how prevalent is E. cuniculi and do we really need to test and treat for it. Don't think this is easy to answer, the above treatments I listed are being used on rabbits who test positive for exposure to E. cuniculi and are exhibiting signs of neurological problems. Teselle's post about now testing and treating all her animals got this response "I am a pharmacologist, I don't take aspirin if I don't really have a splitting headache. Oxibendazole is in my opinion a safe drug, but since this is an experimental procedure, that does not mean it will not harm your rabbit. Considering the length of time on the drug, and the lack of solid studies (that may never happen, so it will be done as a clinical experience situation) giving this drug to all rabbits without documentation of the disease is inappropriate and possibly dangerous to the health of your bunny." 2

Why should breeders worry? "Because the disease is transmitted vertically (from mother to offspring), the testing of breeding animals is especially important. Pet shops and rabbit shows could contribute to the end of this disease by insisting that only serologically negative animals be sold or exhibited. The House Rabbit Society could help by insisting that serologically positive rabbits be adopted to homes without rabbits or to homes with other seropositive pets." 3 At this point the only control method for eliminating E. cuniculi is a "Test and removal" method. 6 What this means is the breeder tests their herd and animals with positive results to E. cuniculi are removed from the herd. Testing would continue on a weekly basis until 3 negative tests and then go to quarterly or annual with all new animals entering the herd tested beforehand. I don't know what the costs involved with this is. And again you wrestle with what if some of your best breeding or show animals test positive. The decision to test or not to test may be taken out of our hands if the veterinary community and rabbit activists begin insisting that all pet rabbits be tested as part of a routine exam.

I ask these questions because from what I have read it does not appear that E. cuniculi is causing widespread disease problems to warrant test and removal from breeding herd or to impose show rules. How would the latter even be possible? Here are some more quotes to ponder:

"The majority of rabbits who are infected by this organism show no clinical signs of illness. Occasionally infected rabbits may exhibit neurological signs, including those listed above. There have been no thorough studies of pet rabbits with neurological disease to show what proportion of those rabbits may be infected with E. cuniculi. Historically it has been thought to only rarely cause disease, however popular thinking in pet rabbit circles is that clinically ill rabbits may be common. The statistics in the literature for the disease are based on the incidence in laboratory rabbits; pet rabbits may have a much greater rate of infection."3

"Incidence of infection in commercial rabbit colonies has been reported to range from 17 to 76% unless special efforts have been made to exclude this infection. The incidence of infection in pet rabbits, as determined by serologic testing at the University of Missouri in 1995 and 1996, was about 41%. This data suggests that E. cuniculi is a relatively common infection in pet rabbits, and may be responsible for contributing to disease not well-described in the companion animal literature." 6

"And always remember that E. cuniculi is not the first disease to check. It is somewhere near the end of the list. Statisticly speaking (at this time) E. cuniculi is not as common as some other problems that can cause the same symptoms." 2

"Of the "clinically normal" (healthy) rabbits tested (whose results have returned), 11 of 25 rabbits (44%) had significantly high titers. This tells us that they have or have had the parasite. We also found several rabbits with neurological abnormalities, ranging from vestibular disease (torticollis/head tilt) to paralysis or paresis (loss of neurological function), with positive titers." 4

"Whether serologically positive rabbits without signs of disease should be treated is controversial. At this time we are recommending that these rabbits be tested periodically. Rabbits with a rising titer or those that develop clinical signs (head tilt, etc.) we will recommend treatment."4

Footnotes
1) Elizabeth Teselle Post Etherbun
2) George Flentke Etherbun post
3) E. Cuniculi: Cause of Unexplained Neurological Diseases? By Jeffrey Jenkins DVM
4) Update on Testing and Treatment of Rabbits with E. Cuniculi By Jeffrey Jenkins DVM
5) "Rabbits Physical Exam and Differential Diagnoses" by Carolynn Harvey DVM 1997 vet conference
6) Encephalitozoon cuniculi: An Update on Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of the Disease" Cynthia Besch-Williford DVM PhD 1997 vet conference
BPV vs Wry Neck by Jaylene's Designs

Urine Burn: Also called Hutch burn, caused by dirty environment, affects area around genitals and/or inside of hind legs, use antibiotic cream and keep cages clean and dry.

Fleas: Can be treated with any cat flea product (Carboryl products), powders and sprays preferred. 1

Elderly or Disabled Rabbit Care:

Rabbit Geriatrics & Chronic Disease-UK Rabbit Charity

ALTVET Arthritis

VHD :

USDA/APHPIS Page on VHD

APHIS vet offices listing

Vent Disease: Treponema cuniculi or Rabbit Syphilis, can be spread during mating, caused by a spirochete. The symptoms include scabs around the genitals, which can also appear on the face due to the animal cleaning itself. Treatment includes application of penicillian or intramuscular shot of Penicillian G for 3 days, standard anti-spirochete drugs. Always check the genitals of any rabbit before you breed it.

Diarrhea : Diarrhea can be treated by giving Kaeopectate (2-3 times daily 1/4-1/2 teaspoon each treatment) and removing all food except for Timothy Hay and some oats. Give your bunny electrolytes (supplement in the water), To prevent an electrolyte imbalance. If treatments don't work, go to the vet because it could be a symptom of other disease or problems. Prevention is best, such as gradually changing feeds, cutting down on bacteria in food and water, good sanitary practice.

rabbit diarrhea- Island Gems Rabbitry

Enteric Diseases: There are several different diseases that fall under this category (enterotoxemia, Tyzzer's disease, coccidiosis, and mucoid enteropathy) The signs in all include severe diarrhea (liquid or jellied feces) and you must call the vet immediately. The treatments for some involve antibiotics but the mortality rates for these are quite high. The best treatment is prevention (same as with diarrhea) which includes feeding a high fiber diet. Along with vet care you may want to provide hay and electrolytes for your rabbit because the diarrhea can cause an electrolyte imbalance & dehydration. You may want to bring in a fecal sample to the vet yearly to check for coccidiosis.

Coccida: Intestinal coccidia-Eimeria, symptoms include weight loss, poor weight gain, severe diarrhea. One form is hepatic coccidiosis and infects the bile tree, death from acute cholestasis and necropsy reveals abscesses. Good sanitation very important as coccidiosis is spread by feces, treatment includes oral sulfa drugs (sulfa quinoxaline most common, Sulfa methazine [Albon], sulfa pyradiazine). 1 Ear Mites: signs-scabs or crusty accumulation in ears, shaking of head or scratching of ears. Treatments- Place oil (olive or mineral) directly in ear once a day for 3 days, then repeat at 10 day intervals. Clean ears with cotton swab

Fur Mites: Mites live on a rabbit's skin, they eat the top layer of skin and burrow into the skin and cause itching, flaking, & sore spots. Look for loss of fur behind the ears, neck, rump, and along the sides. Bunny must be treated until all mites are gone and make sure the cage is cleaned with bleach and hosed off before bunny goes back in. For treatment use *Ivomec (1% injectable for cattle) or a cat flea powder, do not use products made for dogs on a rabbit. Rabbits kept outside should be on a preventive parasite program, especially in the summer. *Ivomec: give orally in a 1 cc syringe to prevent infestation once per month. The dosage is 0.03 cc per pound of body weight, bunny with heavy mite infestation can be treated with this several times 14 days apart. Be sure not to overdose your rabbit, use an accurate scale to weigh your rabbit. Store the bottle of Ivomec in its original box in the refrigerator, out of light. It will eliminate external parasites such as fleas, fur mites, & ear mites, and internal parasites.

"This tiny nematode appears on droppings or on the anus and may cause irritation. It is not considered to be patogenic and treatment is more for the client comfort than the rabbit's health." 1 Treatment: anthelmintics (pyrantel, mebendazole).

Rabbit parasites from net vet

Debris in Eyes<: Sometimes you will notice foreign matter in your rabbits eyes. This matter is made up of fur and mucous and can be rinsed out of the eye with warm water or Bausch and Lomb Eye wash. Just be sure it doesn't cause an infection.

Malocclusion (wolf or buck teeth): Signs-lower teeth overlapping uppers, elongated teeth, or crooked teeth. A rabbit should have the upper teeth slightly overlap the bottoms, the teeth will continually grow and proper alignment keeps the teeth at the proper length. Malocclusion will prevent the rabbit from eating because the teeth will grow too long and he won't be able to chew. This can be inherited or caused by an injury. Treatment- clip teeth, I have heard removal of incisors can cause the teeth to correct but check with your vet about this. Sometimes if the teeth are only slightly out of alignment you can correct the malocclusion by applying pressure to push the teeth back in place (same idea behind braces).

Rabbit Teeth-Island Gems Rabbitry

Snuffles: This is a very serious condition and very infectious in rabbits. If you have more than one rabbit isolate the sick one immediately to protect the other. Signs: sneezing, watery eyes, white nasal discharge, breathing difficulty. Snuffles is caused by several forms of bacteria including Staph, Strep, & Pasteurella Multocida. Your rabbit can be treated with antibiotics, enroflaxacin (trade name Baytril) is often prescribed. Whenever using antibiotics be sure to keep a watch on your rabbits fecal droppings because antibiotics can kill the good bacteria in a rabbit's hindgut and cause an enteric condition. Note: Be sure your vet is aware of the possible dangers associated with the use of antibiotics (the penicillin family is especially problematic, experience suggests amoxicillian & ampicillian may be fatal in some rabbits). Prevention: adequate ventilation, good sanitary practices, stress reduction.

Pasteurella-UK Rabbit Charity
Snuffles-UK Rabbit Charity
Pasteurella: Snuffles-Island Gems Rabbitry

Heat prostration: Rabbits can handle cold much better than heat, when the temp is over 75 degrees check your rabbit for signs of heat prostration. You will see breathing difficulty, panting, rabbit lying stretched out, rectal temp. above 105 degrees. You must cool your rabbit immediately or he may die. In severe case immerse body, but not head, in cool water (not cold) to bring body temp down. Also can spray with water, or wrap in damp cloth. Prevention: provide plenty of water, plenty of shade, a frozen 2 liter soda bottle (filled with water not soda) in the cage helps, wet burlap bags over cage. If possible keep bunny in a cool place in summer like the house or garage. Predisposing factors include: thick fur, obesity, old rabbits, pregnant rabbits, rabbits in direct sunlight, poor ventilation, crowding, or stress.

Fly Problems (Warbles): You may have problems with flies, especially in the summer. The danger is that they can lay eggs on your bunny and when they hatch your bunny will be infected with maggots. This can be fatal for a rabbit and care must be taken to prevent this problem. First try to eliminate the fly population from the area your bunny will be in, again do not use insecticides that your bunny can be exposed to. A fly swatter and sticky fly strip work best indoors for fly elimination. Make sure your bunny is never left wet, or has fecal material stuck to his fur, this will encourage the flies to lay eggs on him. Always check your bunny daily for lumps (could be eggs) and maggots, especially the underside. Sometimes a bunny will have seizures as a result of fly infestation. Take your bunny to the vet immediately. Be sure to keep cage clean too!

Links: These sites gave graphic pistures of the Bot Fly Larvae, disgusting but might be helpful in identification.

Bot Fly

UPENN Site Cutebra

Michigan Wildlife Site-Bot Fly>

Sore Hocks: Infected sores on the bottom of the foot, check your rabbit if he seems to have difficulty standing still on the cage wire. Treatment: there are several including using Bag Balm applied to the wound and also Preparation H apply to sores for 5-7 days, if there is a severe infection go to your vet. You can prevent sore hocks by keeping a sitting board in your bunnies cage and keeping the cage clean and dry.

Hairball (Tricheboars): This is when a rabbit ingests too much fur and it causes a blockage in the stomach. Signs-stops eating or eats less, fur imbedded in feces, size and/or number of droppings decrease, sometimes blockage can be palpated (felt). This is more prevalent in long haired breeds such as Angoras but all rabbits can get this. It is better to prevent this by grooming (see section) and providing hay, treatment in severe cases is surgery and it is not always successful. As soon as you notice signs try a hairball remedy like petromalt or a treatment of 10cc's of fresh pineapple juice once a day for 3 days. An enzyme in the juice breaks down the mucous around the hairball and helps pass the material forming the block. It is important to move the blockage and get the rabbit eating ASAP. Prevention: exercise, Timothy Hay daily, grooming especially during heavy molt, and even giving petromalt or pineapple juice during heavy molt.

Anorectic Rabbits-UK Rabbit Charity

Weepy Eye: Signs-discharge from eye, matted fur under eye. Treatment: sometimes it is caused by simple irritation and you can treat with a couple drops of regular visine, if symptoms don't improve in a day or so contact your vet because it could be a blocked duct or a sign of snuffles.

Wry Neck (Head Tilt): Cause: bacterial infection of the inner ear, ear mites. Signs: loss of balance, animals head twisted to one side. Treatments: Immediately call your vet, the more time without treatment the less likely are you to cure it. Treatment depends on the cause so make sure the vet takes a bacterial culture first. If E. Cuniculi bacteria is found then treatment may be prednisolone. This is pretty new and many vets have not heard of the possible success with this treatment. Dr Wendy Feaga has her Wry Neck paper describing this treatment printed in the letters to the editor section of Journal of the AVMA 2/15/97. Make sure your rabbit continues to eat, force feed if necessary and get him to drink water. I have also heard of people massaging the bunny's neck to keep the muscles from atrophying along with vet care with success, it wouldn't hurt to try. Prevention: good ventilation to reduce any respiratory infections and good sanitation practices (House rabbits are more susceptible to wry neck caused by unsanitary conditions because they are closer to the waste pan).

wry neck or head tilt in rabbits-Island Gems Rabbitry

BPV vs Wry Neck by Jaylene's Designs

Broken Bones

Excision Arthroplasty in Rabbits-UK Rabbit Charity

Other Medical Concerns: Do not be concerned if you notice "red urine" a rabbit's urine will appear cloudy white to red brown. Just be sure there is never blood in the urine (if you find blood go to the vet, if not sure your vet can always check a sample) due to the amount of calcium a rabbit absorbs you will see the variation of color, this is normal for your rabbit. The red urine may be due to an incomplete breakdown of food nutrients, but it isn't anything to worry about. White vinegar works to dissolve urine build-up on cages.

Uterine Cancer
Uterine Cancer In Rabbits

Spay/neuter: As I've mentioned before altering your rabbit is the best thing you can do to make a happy pet. Studies have proven a high incidence of uterine cancer (adenocarcinoma) in unspayed does, the studies have reported an incidence of 50% in some random bred colonies (age and genetic background influence the incidence too). Rabbits are territorial in nature and neutering can prevent a buck from spraying urine to mark territory (you must neuter before the spraying starts otherwise it may continue), it may also curb aggression in both the buck and doe. If you plan on having more than one rabbit roaming free in the house you must alter them both. Sexual maturity is reached as early as 3 months & you don't want to take a chance at having an unplanned litter! If you think raising a "rabbit family" is easy think again, complications such as mastitis, pregnancy toxemia, "stuck babies", and many other conditions are common and the doe can easily die, so do you really want to undertake the responsibility? You cannot tell if a rabbit has been altered so take them to the vet if you aren't 100% sure. Be Sure your vet is rabbit knowledgeable!! Some anesthesia used on cats and dogs can not be used on rabbits, so finding an experienced vet is important. Neutering can be done as soon as the testicles descend (3-6months) and is a common procedure. Spaying can be done at 6 months and is a little more complicated because the ovaries and uterus are removed. Check with a vet about the procedure and pre and post operative care. Many suggest a rabbit shouldn't be "fasted" the night before because it may disrupt the digestive functions, and rabbits can't vomit so that shouldn't be a concern for the vet.

Spay Info

Neutering Rabbits-UK Rabbit Charity

To Neuter or Not-UK Rabbit Charity

After reading the above diseases you can see why it is so important to know your rabbit's usual habits and to monitor feed intake and feces on a daily basis, the sooner treatment begins the better chance there is for a cure! I also must stress the importance of prevention.
Litterbox Litter: Be very careful in the choice of litter for bunny's litterbox. Clumping Cat litters can cause serious internal blockage. Make sure bunny is not ingesting his litter, and be careful litter is not too dusty. Few litters seem safe to use for rabbits but some "safe" litters include sand, paper based, hay, feed pellets, pine shavings*. I recommend using the litterbox that has cage wire covering the drop pan (available from KW Cages) that way bunny can't get into the litter and will not have to stand in his waste.*
Untreated softwood shavings such as pine and cedar cause an increase in hepatic microsomal enzymes activity, this is not evidence that there is liver damage or a problem. Heat treated softwood shavings do not induce the HME activity. I have a detailed article about HME and what the research says about softwood shavings, if interested in reading it
Click Here. As of this time I have been unable to find any evidence that pine shavings cause liver damage or cancer, some rabbits however are allergic to shavings so if your rabbit is having respiratory problems try eliminating the shavings. I don't recommend cedar due to hearing about some rabbits that ingested a large amount and died.

Poisoning
AVMA Pet Poison Guide

Medicinal & Poisonous Plant Database

Plant Information Motherlove.com

Poisonous Plants For Rabbits

Emergency Treatment of Poisoning

Cornell University Toxic Agents

Plants toxic to animals

Cornell Poisonous plant list

Splay Legs

References


1. Medical and Surgical Care of the Pet Rabbit by Robert C Clipsham DVM Domestic Rabbits May/June 1991. 2. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents

Holistic Health
Alternative health care is increasing in popularity with people and so to with their pets. While it isn't a substitute, it could be beneficial when used in conjunction with veterinary care. Holistic health involves treating the whole body, not just the symptoms of disease with an emphasis on prevention. The benefits of holistic health include, few side effects, calm your pet prior to vet visits, boost immune system, and aid when used in conjunction with traditional medical care. Some of these more natural treatments for pets include acupuncture, homeopathy, flower essences and remedies, and chiropractic treatment.
Acupuncture is usually used for orthopedic conditions but can treat other aliments too. It is based the concept of the body having energy lines and problems occur when these lines are blocked or weakened. Needles are inserted into the body at special acupuncture points mapped out by the Chinese thousands of years ago. The needles are used to rebalance and redirect the body's energy and can treat arthritis, nerve damage, liver or kidney failure, provide pain relief, increase longevity and increase energy and health. It has few side effects.
Homeopathy was developed in Germany and the concept behind it is a substance that causes a symptom in a healthy person will treat the same symptom in a sick person. These treatments are dilute extracts of flowers. Homeopathy stimulates the body to heal itself and stimulates the immune system. Some homeopathic remedies can be given to your rabbit to treat an emergency while going to the vet or to lessen the stress bunny feels when at the vet. Arnica can be used to treat any trauma to the body, especially after surgery. It is available in a pellet that can be dissolved in water and given orally.
Flower essences are similar to homeopathic remedies but are used to treat the emotions. There are 38 remedies that treats a particular emotional state. These essences can be used to treat aggressive rabbits, overcome fear, adjust to a new home, and modify behavior problems. Rescue remedy is a substance that can be used to treat shock, stress, or trauma. You can find it in a health food store. To treat shock, mix up 4 drops of rescue remedy in 1 oz. of spring water and administer 2-3 drops of the mixture orally every 5 minutes until a response is seen. During times of stress add ten drops of rescue remedy to the water.
For more information about holistic medicine for pets contact:
American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (410)569-0795
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (212)827-7245
Academy of Veterinary Homeopathy (541)342-7665
Internet sites: www.altvet.med.com or www.petsynergy.com

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Pantheon/9379/ Natural Health Care For Rabbits-Petsynergy

Herbal remedies for rabbits-Little Gems Rabbitry

Plant Information